Vaccination of animals against diseases is an important issue in pet care
Unfortunately, many owners of pets and cats, in particular, only in their own practice understand that timely prevention is better than long and expensive pet treatment. In this article, we will give some recommendations for vaccinating cats and cats. I hope you will heed these tips and will not expose your animals to the dangers that literally lie in wait for them at every turn.
The vaccination process itself, as well as the vaccination schedule for animals, have been very optimized in recent years. It is enough to visit the veterinary clinic 2-3 times a year to undergo basic preventive procedures. This is much less costly in terms of financial and organizational resources than long-term treatment, which is the result of an irresponsible, conniving attitude towards the health of pets, and hence the health of oneself and one’s relatives.
But, enough general mentoring words, let’s move on to considering the issue of animal vaccination in essence …
What vaccinations are required for cats?
1. Rabies vaccination is one of the most important.
Rabies is a dangerous, incurable disease that is transmitted through saliva or other bodily fluids from an infected cat to a healthy one. Also, transmission of this infectious disease to humans is not ruled out. Rabies ends in deathTherefore, it is imperative to vaccinate animals against this disease.
2. Vaccination against feline leukemia (leukemia, lymphosarcoma).
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV, FLV) is a type of retrovirus that infects cats. It proceeds in the form of a chronic viral disease similar to cancer, characterized by the development of tumor foci (lymphomas), anemia and immunodeficiency. The disease is practically incurable.
Unfortunately, at the moment, not all veterinarians include vaccination against this dangerous disease in the vaccination schedule. The situation is aggravated by the fact that at the moment more than half (60%) of all stray animals are carriers of this virus. On our shoes, we can easily bring particles of feces from the street into the house and infect our pet.
There are many fakes of this vaccine on the market at the moment. Therefore, we recommend buying only in reliable pet stores, veterinary clinics. The highest quality vaccines against feline leukemia are supplied by Vetricom and Merial.
3. Vaccinations to prevent lichen and other skin diseases in catswhich can happen, both in a cat that roams freely on the street, and in a cat that never leaves the home.
The danger of such diseases lies in the fact that airborne viruses can stay in the air for a long time, periodically exacerbating the disease. A timely vaccination will strengthen immunity for a year.
Regarding vaccinations against lichen and other skin diseases, there is an opinion that they are not effective enough. This is a moot point. Indeed, skin diseases are less preventable by vaccination than rabies, leukemia and other viral diseases transmitted through animal biological fluids (saliva, blood, etc.). However, if your animal is often on the street, it is still better to play it safe with an anti-lichen vaccination.
four. Vaccinations against other feline diseases (panleukopenia; rhinotracheitis; calicivirus; chlamydia and others).
Read more about choosing a vaccine at the end of the article, where we will discuss the vaccination calendar and the types of modern vaccine complexes.
Preparing to vaccinate pets
It is advisable to deworm the cat 10 days before vaccination. The presence of parasites in the body of a cat will significantly weaken the effect of the vaccine. Read on for tips on how to properly deworm cats…
Modern and effective remedies for worms can be purchased independently, but always in a trusted pet store or veterinary clinic. Sometimes cat owners cannot deceive their cunning pet and slip a dewormer into his food. And force must be used with extreme caution. It is better to use the help of a veterinarian.
When should you not get vaccinated (contraindications)?
- Vaccinations are excluded during the change of teeth. This period starts from 3-4 months and lasts up to 6-8 months.
- The cat has had an illness or is in the stage of an indolent illness. In this case, you need to wait for a full recovery, and then vaccinate. It is not recommended to vaccinate a cat after antibiotic treatmentit is better to wait 2-3 weeks.
- Vaccinations should preferably be given no later than 2-3 months before the expected mating dateif one is planned.
Cases when animal vaccinations are extremely important
- Participation of cats in exhibitions. You need to understand the risk of infection for your pet. Therefore, before visiting a large concentration of animals, I strongly advise you to vaccinate your pet.
- Domestic cat that “walks by itself” on the street. Here explanations are superfluous. Communication with stray animals will not add health to your pet. But picking up a whole set of dangerous infections is almost guaranteed.
- The animal does not participate in exhibitions, does not walk on the street, does not go to the country. This does not mean that it is safe at all. As mentioned above, on our clothes and shoes, we bring millions of bacteria and viruses into the house, which are quite enough to infect a pet. This is especially true for cats and cats.because they love to rub against our legs when we get home. Yes, and on the shoe mat, many animals like to luxuriate in anticipation of the owner, even if no one forbids them to spend time on the couch.
Vaccination calendar: when and where to start vaccinating animals?
You can start making the first vaccinations for cats from 3 months of age. In the future, it is imperative to follow the vaccination schedule. The action of most vaccines is designed for 1 year, then revaccination (re-vaccination) is required.
For a small kitten, if there is such a financial opportunity, it is advisable to vaccinate at home, invite a veterinarian. This will help to avoid the stress of a trip to the veterinary clinic.
You can start vaccination with a comprehensive vaccination that will protect your cat from the most dangerous and common diseases.
What to choose a complex vaccine for cats?
At present, the following are the most common complex vaccines for cats:
- Multifel-4 (vaccine against panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus infection and chlamydia in cats).
- Tricket Trio (vaccine against calicivirus, viral rhinotracheitis and feline panleukopenia).
- Quadricket (invaccine against panleukopenia, respiratory viruses and rabies in cats).
The difference between Multifel and Triket is that Multifel additionally protects against chlamydia. There is also a difference from a technological point of view: Multifel includes a “killed” vaccine, and Triket includes a live, but weakened one. In this regard, there is an opinion that Multifel is better tolerated, although this is a very subjective view.
Both vaccines, both Triquet and Multifel, are given as two injections, with a break of 10-14 days, after which protection against viruses will remain for 1 year.
Quadriquet (from rabies) is given once, this vaccine is also valid for 1 year, after which revaccination is required.
General conclusion on cat vaccination: how to vaccinate
So, vaccination of cats provides for the following principles:
- The 1st vaccination is given to a cat at 2 months, after 3 weeks revaccination is performed. Further, the animal is vaccinated at 6 months or after the change of teeth and at 12 months.
- Starting from the 2nd year of the animal’s life, vaccination is carried out once a year, i.e. every 12 months – strictly according to the individual vaccination schedule of a particular animal.
- Mandatory vaccinations: annual single injections against rabies, leukemia, lichen, as well as annual complex vaccination with Multifel or Triket in the form of two injections with a break of 10-14 days.
- 10 days before vaccination, it is necessary to deworm the animal (give an anthelmintic drug).
- At the time of vaccination, the animal must be clinically healthy.