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Interest Rates Liberalization

Copyright (c) 2013 Morgan D

The financial restructuring process involves numerous stakeholders and competing interests. Managing the various agendas is difficult yet essential in achieving a viable plan. Restructuring is a complex undertaking, with comprehensive legal ramifications that must be addressed proactively in order to avoid larger problems down the road. Financial restructuring can be accomplished with a private work out or formal bankruptcy which can include liquidation or reorganization. Poorly thought-out and badly executed acquisitions and mergers, rapid technological change, corporate accounting scandals and sudden shifts in capital markets are some of the reasons many organizations of different size and makeup find themselves in financial difficulties.

In some instances, a comprehensive “turnaround” is needed, involving corporate strategy, business, management and finances. In other situations, it is principally a financial restructuring that is required. Closely with debt holders, shareholders, creditors, insurers and prospective purchasers in restructuring financially distressed organizations, offer a variety of financial services: Carrying out an early-stage analysis of the distressed enterprise, focusing on near-term cash generating potential, followed by longer-term strategic assessment. .

Employing various valuation methodologies to appraise an entire enterprise or its constituent parts in a timely and efficient fashion. Acting as financial advisor to a company undergoing reorganization, or a liquidation. Expert Testimony Acting as an expert witness, providing consultation and testimony in connection with judicial and administrative proceedings.

In 1999, after experiencing liquidity problems, only one non-bank financial institution was placed under statutory management. The year was spent striving to restructure the five banks placed under statutory management in 1998. This was done by the statutory managers assisted by committees of depositors and one of the banks was re-opened in August, 1999. In the course of year 2000, two of the other institutions were re-opened and one was placed under liquidation while one non-bank financial institution is still under statutory management. The restructuring model adopted in the case of the three banks that have been re-opened has been by capitalizing the banks through conversion of deposits to equity with depositors becoming shareholders. However, the asset side of the respective balance sheets is still weighed by the huge portfolio of non-performing loans and their ultimate survival will depend on the success of the recoveries.

However, the banks are struggling to attract new business with varying degrees of success. The restructuring of the National Bank of Kenya which had also faced liquidity problems in 1998 continued. While the main shareholders supported the bank by providing assistance in terms of long-term loans, the stability and continued solvency of the bank will be ensured only by injection of equity. Liquidation is the collection and disposal of borrowers asset , it is the determination of the firm as a going concern , it involves selling the assets of the firm for salvage value , the proceeds net of transaction cost are distributed to creditors.

Chapter 7 of the bankruptcy reform act of 1978 deals with straight liquidation, the following sequence if events is typical. A petition is filled in a federal court .Corporation may file a voluntary petition or involuntary. A trustee in bankruptcy is elected by the creditors to take over the assets of the debtor corporation. The trustee will attempt to liquidate the assets. When the assets are liquidated after payment of the cost of administration, assets are distributed among the creditors. If any asset remains after expense and payment to creditors they are distributed to share holders. An involuntary bankruptcy petition may be filled by creditors if both the following conditions are met. If the corporation is not paying debts as they become due and if there are more than 12 creditors. Priority claims Once a corporation is determined to be bankruptcy, liquidation takes place, the distribution of proceeds of the liquidation occurs according to the following priority:

In economic theory, supply is the amount available for sale or the amount that sellers are willing to sell at a specified price, and demand, sometimes called effective demand, is the amount purchasers are willing to buy at a specified price. When interest rates increase, demand for funds decreases as it becomes more expensive to borrowers. The result of shortage of funds is less spending and consumption, as people do not have sufficient funds for consumption. The same is translated into less production of goods and services and employee layoffs in an attempt to cut down on production cost. Conversely, an increase in interest rates encourages savings and promotes less consumption of goods and services. Foreign direct investments increase and the exchange rate come down as a result of an appreciation of the domestic currency.

The anticipated levels of interest rates in the future are bound to go up as a result of World Bank pressure arguing that the current interest rates are not a true reflection of the true macro-economic variables and the escalating oil prices. Despite the governments effort to keep interest rates low with a belief that this policy will keep the costs of funds by financial institutions low and thereby provide cheap which will in turn promote development through increased investment, the pressure from the International monetary Fund and the World Bank continue to build up.

The other reason why interest rates are bound to go up is the edge that commercial banks have taken to influence the exchange rate of the domestic currency. In an attempt to make up for the low interest regime that has prevailed in since 2003, banks have increased the spread between the bid and offer prices of the local currency. Since Kenya is a net importer, the effect has been a reduction in the quantity of capital goods imported into the country. Although emphasis in the literature on sequencing of financial reforms is first of all on achieving macroeconomic stability and other sector liberalization before financial liberalization, the process in Kenya shows that:

Financial liberalization was followed by other reforms, including trade liberalization. Macroeconomic economic stability was not achieved before liberalizing interest rates. And even immediately after the liberalization of interest rates, inflationary pressure was increasing, making it impossible to achieve real interest rates. · Fiscal deficit was growing and increasingly financed from the local market using treasury bills. Credit controls were relaxed when the banking sector was experiencing high liquidity and there were no prospective investment opportunities. This shows that the prerequisites for financial liberalization and decontrol of interest rates were not put in place. The expectation in theory is that with liberalization, interest rates will be positive in real terms and with increased efficiency in intermediation, the spread between the lending and deposit rates will narrow. Study shows that:

Positive real interest rates were not achieved until 1996 when inflation rate took a downward trend. But, prospects of keeping them positive are narrow with the upward trending inflation rate beginning in 1997. The spread between lending and deposit rates widened with liberalization, while the short-term rates increased at a faster rate compared with long-term rates resulting in a negatively sloped yield curve. · The Treasury bill rate operated as the yardstick for short-term rates. Commercial banks increased deposit rates to compete for the deposits held by the non-banking public. · Clearly, efficiency has not been achieved in intermediation of financial assets. This was reinforced by the oligopolistic structure of the market, where the sector is dominated by a few commercial banks.

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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President Robert Kaplan on whether Fed Chair Janet Yellen will raise interest rates in December.
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Tips To Get The Best Home Refinance Interest Rate

You know that you want to go through and get the lowest home refinance rate, but how are you going to do it? That’s the biggest problem that most homeowners have is they already know they want to make the best home refinance interest rate but they are just not sure of how to go about it. This is a major process one that you aren’t going to want to take lightly and which you’re going to want to take very seriously.

To find the best home refinance interest rate, there are a few steps that you’re going to have to take, and which will be discussed here in more detail for you.

How to do it

So there are some things that you’ll want to keep in mind when it comes to getting the best home refinance interest rate. First and foremost, you’ll need to do some shopping around. You can never get a great deal unless you’re going to be willing to put some time and effort into it, so make sure that you spend some time shopping around to compare between the different rates.

Also to obtain the best home refinance interest rate, you’ll want to know how to play the rate game. You should realize that mortgage rates go up and down and so the best way to play the game is going to be for you to determine what your desired mortgage interest rate is.

Basically what you want to do here then, if you want to get the best home refinance interest rate, is to persevere until the best rate comes to you. Never settle for second best if you need to reap full advantages of refinancing your home. One of the biggest mistakes that homeowners make is rushing into the process of refinancing their home and they end up making mistakes.

There are numerous of different websites that you can check out online which will actually do all the comparison work for you. All you have to do is go onto their site, enter in some personal information regarding you and your home, and they will then present you with the top results of the best rates available at that time. These sites are usually free and very helpful and efficient when it comes to finding the best rate for refinancing.

Want to find out more about for home refinance interest rate , then visit http://www.homepropertyfinancing.com/ on how to choose the best refinance interest rates for your needs.

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Mortgage Interest Rate History, and a Change for the Future

Today’s economy is very dependent upon mortgage interest rates. Right now the interest rates are very low. This, of course, is good. Today, a 30-year mortgage can be obtained for about 6%, maybe less. At 6%, a $ 200,000 mortgage for 30 years would result in a monthly payment of $ 1,199.10.

What would happen if mortgage rates suddenly went up to 10%? Well, this same mortgage would require a monthly payment of $ 1,755.14. It doesn’t take much imagination to see that this would have a negative effect on the overall economy. Someone requiring a $ 200,000 mortgage to buy a home, would need to be able pay $ 550 more per month to qualify for the same loan.

To the economy, this is wasted money. If a person was required to come up with $ 550 more per month to buy the house because the price was that much higher, it would be negated by the fact the seller would have made more money by selling the house.

If the seller happened to be an entrepreneur, this extra money would end up creating more jobs. In any event, the extra money would be put to some use in our economy, even if it were just put into a savings account. However, paying a higher price because interest rates are higher means no one gains anything. This, in itself, would cause an economic slowdown.

However, interest rates are good and have been for quite some time. So, you may ask how do these interest rates compare with other rates throughout history?

Fannie Mae and interest rate stability

In 1938, Fannie Mae was instituted. This put mortgage rates into a particular market. Before this time, mortgage rates varied wildly from lender to lender and between different areas of the country. With Fannie Mae, loans could be sold between different institutions. Having more people involved in a market tends to stabilize the price of the underlying commodity.

Back in 1938, there wasn’t a lot of money around. Because of this, mortgage rates were very low, as low as even 3%. In the ’40s mortgage rates stayed low in part because during wartime most of the economy was regulated and buying a house was very difficult. So, there wasn’t a lot of demand for mortgage money.

The early mortgage rates

In the ’50s and right up until the mid ’60s mortgage rates hovered around 5% to 5.5%. This is very close to where mortgage rates are now. However, starting in 1971, mortgage rates started to increase. In fact by the late ’70s, they had become out of reach. People who didn’t enjoy a top credit rating were asked to pay as much as 23% for a mortgage. This of course, was devastating to the overall economy, so much so, a misery index was even created to gauge how bad consumer sentiment was.

Controlling the price of oil is not a new idea

Part of the reason interest rates were skyrocketing during the ’70s, was the fact price controls were tied to oil prices. This had a very negative effect on the overall economy. It made gas unavailable to consumers and disrupted the normal American way of life.

Starting in the early ’80s, Reagan-omics started interest rates falling once again. This trend, which started in about 1983, has not ended yet. The interest rates of the ’90s ranged between 7% and 9%. Since about 2001, they have been between 5% and 7%. All in all, for the last 20 years we’ve enjoyed moderate interest rates.

Now that we’re a closing in on a 50-year low for mortgage rates, it makes us wonder if this downward trend is ending and if mortgage rates will once again head upward. When I think of the possibilities, I must say I am petrified!

Is anybody for a change?

In this presidential election year, I hear many people say they’re looking for a change. To me, this means interest rates being low is not what these people are looking for. Perhaps they would like interest rates at 15 to 20%. In their quest for change it would mean they would have to give up on the war against terrorism. This is a war we are winning, but change would mean they’re looking to lose it.

Though the economy is no longer screaming along as it did for most of the last 23 years, the economy is not in a recession. In fact, it’s not really close. But change would mean a recession. A profound change would mean a depression.

In our current economy the unemployment rate is about 5.2%. Not long ago, full employment was considered an unemployment rate of 6%. Within the last two years the unemployment rate reached an all-time low of 4.5%. However, people are looking for change. Perhaps the German-French style 13% unemployment rate is what they desire!

During the last 20 years, we’ve made many trade agreements with other countries. This has resulted in lower prices to consumers and lower prices to small businesses. This has been healthy for our economy because it has allowed the small businesses to expand and create. It has also allowed people to save and invest.

Those looking for change want to do away with our trade agreements with other countries. They have bought into the notion that free trade exports jobs. However, without free trade the common PC would cost about $ 15,000. This would be a change!

In 2003, our income tax rates were lowered. This has been very healthy for our economy. One of the changes some are looking for is to raise those income taxes again.

Worst of all, another one of the changes would be following those who want to put price controls on oil again. This would do the trick! It would indeed, mean change. Are you ready for 23% mortgage rates?

Ed Lathrop is a series 3 commodities futures broker. He has extensive knowledge of the economy in general. He has developed EzCalculator, a Mortgage Calculator that includes the famous “How to Make 0,000 on Your Mortgage” calculator. Free Financial Calculator! get as many free amortization schedule printouts as you want at: Amortization Schedule Free. These sites are not affiliated with any lender.

Low interest credit card for balance transfers

The interest rates charged on credit and store cards can vary widely. That applies not only to the headline rate – the interest rate that appears as a ‘typical’ rate in advertising and marketing literature – but also to individual customers; according to their personal credit rating.

There is a plethora of different credit cards available in the UK, all designed to do different things. Some are loyalty based cards which allow users to rack up points or rewards that they can redeem at a later date. Others offer cashback, some are designed for everyday use offering no frills and charge a low rate of interest and others may be primarily marketed at people who wish to transfer a balance to a permanently low rate.

In addition, there are cards aimed at particular individuals such as starter credit cards for young adults and other potential card holders who have not yet managed to build up a credit rating profile, such as people new to the country. These cards tend to offer relatively high interest rates as they are designed to be used by people whose ability to handle credit has not been tested. However, providing the accounts are handled satisfactorily, with payments being made on time and the credit limit is not exceeded, then they will help the user build a good credit rating.

On the other hand a low interest credit card can be used as a tool to get those already holding credit card balances, probably paying market interest rates of around 15 – 16% p.a. upwards, back onto the financial straight and narrow. Providing that those applying for such low rate cards have been making payments regularly on time and have a sufficiently good credit rating then they should be looked upon favourably by the credit card issuer, although there are no guarantees of course.

By taking out a low interest card debt can be paid off much quicker. By paying the same amount each month more of the payment will be used to clear the balance of the debt rather than the higher interest charges on a higher rate card. So, rather than maintaining a soul-destroying balance and paying punitively high interest rates the card holder will see their debt balance gradually and consistently reduce, leading to greater financial freedom.

At the end of the day, do your research and make sure that you are getting the best credit card deal available on the market according to why and ultimately how you use your credit cards.

This article has been written for information and interest purposes only. The information contained within this article is the opinion of the author only, and should not be construed as advice or used to make financial decisions. Expert financial advice should always be sought and any links contained within this article are included for information purposes only.

Andrew Regan writes for a digital marketing agency. This article has been commissioned by a client of said agency. This article is not designed to promote, but should be considered professional content.

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Home Loan | What is the eligibility of Home Loan | Housing Loan Eligibility | Interest Rates

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What Are The Ways And Means To Lower My Credit Card Interest Rate?

Why use credit card?

A credit card is nothing but a loan that is offered by a bank to a customer and the only difference is that it is in the form of plastic money rather than dollar notes. Any customer who uses his credit card for various purchases or drawing money from ATM’s will be required to pay the loan amount and the interest rates correctly in order to maintain a good credit history. But most of the credit card users are trying ways and means of finding out the various options by which they can lower their credit card interest rates. If you are also looking for possible answers to this question, then you have landed at the perfect place that will help you out in knowing the methods through which you can lower your credit card interest rates.

Good credit card rating

It is important for you to repay your minimum amount due and if possible some amount more than the minimum amount due in order to be in the good books of the credit card companies. If you have missed paying the amount due to the credit card company for more than one time, then you are not doing any good to improve your credit rating. Once the company is satisfied with the fact that you have a good credit rating and that you are repaying your dues on or before the stipulated time, the company might consider your request of lowering your credit card interest rate. Most of the credit card companies will consider your request for lowering the credit card interest rate due to the fear of loosing a perfectly repaying customer.

Comparison with other banks and balance transfer

It is always better to compare the interest rates charged by other credit card companies with the credit card interest rate of your bank or credit card company and if you find that the interest rates are lower in other credit card companies, you are the liberty of questioning your credit card company of the reasons for this high rate of interest and can also negotiate with the company to offer you interest rates at par with other companies or even a lower interest rate. If this is not working out, then you always have the option of transferring your credit card balance to 0% interest credit card Company that will not charge with annual or joining fees. But make sure that you clear all the balance dues to the bank before the expiry period of the card or else the renewal rates will be very high.

Conclusion

Whatever be the option that you choose to lower your credit card interest rate, it is important for you to make sure that you pay the minimum amount due to the credit card company within the allotted time and this will help you in maintaining the same credit card interest rate at all times. It is Important for you to analyze the options that are available in front of you to choose the best one that will help in lowering the credit card interest rates on your card.

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When Interest Rates Rise: Winners and Losers

WSJ rounds up just who stands to profit and drop probably the most whenever the Federal Reserve decides to raise interest rates.

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The 5 Reverse Mortgage Interest Rate Picking Arguments

If you are a senior, who thinks that it is not that important, which reverse mortgage interest rate you select, because nothing will be paid back during the running time, please change your attitude right away! The interest rate is one of the costliest element in the final costs.

1. The Longer The Running Time, The More Difficult Is The Predict The Rates.

The interest rate is the cost of the money, which the lender uses to pay his interest rate, the operating costs and the profit. The central banks regulate the economy with the interest rate. When the rate is low, the borrowers take more loans and when it is high, the demand of the loans decreases. The loan amount influences on the operating costs of the borrowers and thus to the whole economy.

We can quite sure say, what is the reverse mortgage interest rate for the next year, but it is quite difficult to predict the average rate for 20 years, for example. Here also the history is not a good source of prediction, which we have seen during the finance crises, for instance.

The longer is the running time of the reverse loan, the more difficult is to predict the development of the economy and thus the interest rate. But if the borrower uses his or her own, strong idea of the rate development, then he may trust on that.

2. The Variable Rates And The Risks.

the variable rate means, that the rate follows some index during the running time of the loan. This means, that the rate can exceed the fixed rate alternative, but also be below that. This rate is for a risk taker, who trusts that the market rates work better, than the fixed rates.

3. The Fixed Rates And The Risks.

The good feature of the fixed rate is, that the borrower knows in advance, how much the rate will be for every single year of the running time. This helps the financial planning and gives quiter nights. If the borrower is interested, he can calculate afterwards, what would the difference have been between the variable and fixed rates.

4. Remember, That You Pay Interest On The Top Of The Earlier Interests.

Because with the reverse loan nothing will be paid back during the running time, all costs will be accumulated. This means, that the total loan amount includes the original capital, all earlier interests and costs and fees. So the borrower pays interest, which is calculated every year, or month, based on the total loan amount, which he owes.

5. Trust On The Idea, Which Fits To You.

Because nobody can say, what reverse mortgage interest rate is better for the whole running time, the solution to select one is to trust on your own idea. If you want the risk free alternative, then your choice is a fixed rate, but if you think, that the variable market prices fit to you, then the variable alternative is for you. It is wise to talk with the reverse loan counselor or your bank manager to get the expert view also. However, the responsibility is always with the borrower.

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Mortgage Interest Rate – Learn How to Select a Suitable Mortgage Interest Rate

In today’s’ fast moving globe individuals life has become hectic! You may well be working very hard to earn enough to enable you to meet family’s costs and fulfill their demands. Can it be always feasible? Not! Occasionally you might need certain amount of resources and your revenue that might be because of any expenses such renovation of household, young child’s advanced schooling, to pay-off early in the day dues, etc. Whatever function as cause, you can easily arrange funds through financial loans specifically a home loan loan which can be acquired by putting any genuine residential property as sureity against the loan. You have got many selections about mortgages as an enormous range finance companies, lending establishments, personal loan providers, etc. offer different types of mortgages at various interest rate. According to the needs you have you’ll select the right home loan interest as opposed to borrowing funds at a greater home loan rate of interest, since some loan providers offer an improved quantity at a better rate than others.

You can even arrange a great deal of loan through a home loan. Interest rate can either be fixed, adjustable or mixed together with amount to be paid back as each installment will depend upon the technique interesting charged and the way of payment. By researching most of the available mortgages it is possible to choose a suitable mortgage interest that will enable you to refund the borrowed sum punctually. Your quest for an affordable home loan rate of interest can be made hassle-free and time saving if done on line. Within a few minutes available away different quotes available by evaluating then and here it is possible to take your choice.

Log on to the lending company’s website and get to understand which plan is present and find out about their appropriate home loan rate of interest. The complete search and choice can be carried out easily plus privacy. It is crucial to calculate exactly how much you need to pay as each installment, to be able to pick correctly and whether going for a fixed mortgage rate of interest or a variable one, always refund the borrowing along side interest timely as well as in full which will set-free your property from plan of home loan. Professionals can be found web to help you to select the greatest plan of mortgage. Rate of interest of selected plan will certainly be affordable and within your repayment power, once the professional will search the market depending on your offered details. So remember to inform the expert regarding your requirements and especially, your financial power to refund the borrowing. Even although you tend to be a layman in relation to mortgage schemes you may need not be concerned. A good option could be the Internet for which you will see what you need! Therefore in place of worsening your financial situation only go surfing and find an appropriate mortgage policy to include on to your money. Always make sure to apply with a reputable loan provider!

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2017 Mortgage rates of interest enhance with Amanda Wilkie as well as the Loken Group

To no person’s surprise, the Federal Reserve features raised the interest rates after their particular quarterly conference in December 2016. However, if you are in the market purchasing a property in 2017, there was nonetheless time for you to secure your low interest before we see rates rise once again in March of 2017.

Remember as rates consistently rise, you can lose your real-estate buying energy. For each and every 1% mortgage goes up, you drop about 10% of one’s buying energy. For instance, on a 0,000 house, which is about ,000 destroyed for every single point interest levels enhance.

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